Prag is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republicthe 14th largest city in
Pragas online dating European Union  and the historical capital of Bohemia. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava river, the city is home to about 1.
Prague has been a political, cultural and economic centre of central Europe complete with a rich history. Founded during the Romanesque and flourishing by the GothicRenaissance and Baroque eras, Prague was the capital of the kingdom of Bohemia and the main residence of several Holy Roman Emperorsmost notably "Pragas online dating" Charles IV r. The city played major roles in the Bohemian and Protestant Reformationthe Thirty Years' War and in 20th-century history as the capital of Czechoslovakiaduring both World Wars and the post-war Communist era.
Prague is home to a number of famous cultural attractions, many of which survived the
Pragas online dating and destruction of 20th-century Europe. The city has more than ten major museums, along with numerous theatres, galleries, cinemas and other historical exhibits. An extensive modern public transportation system connects the city.
Also, it is home to a wide range of public and private schools, including Charles University in Praguethe oldest university in Central Europe. The region was settled as early as the Paleolithic age.
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In the late 5th century AD, during the great Migration Period following the collapse of the Western Roman Empirethe Germanic tribes living in Bohemia moved westwards and, probably in the 6th century, the Slavic tribes Venedi settled the Central Bohemian Region. The construction of what came to be known as Prague Castle began near the end of the 9th century, growing a fortified settlement that already existed
Pragas online dating the site since the year The region became the seat of the dukesand later kings of Bohemia. Badoo - chat, date and...
Prague was an important seat for trading where merchants from all of Europe settled, including many Jews, as recalled
Pragas online dating by the Hispano-Jewish merchant and traveller Ibrahim ibn Ya'qub.
Prague was also once home to an important slave market. At the site of the ford in the Vltava river, King Vladislaus I had the first bridge built inthe Judith Bridge Juditin mostnamed in honour of his wife Judith of Thuringia.
It was rebuilt and named the Charles Bridge. As King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor, he transformed Prague into "Pragas online dating" imperial capital and it was at that time by the area the third-largest city in Europe after Rome and Constantinople. On 9 July at 5: The exact time of laying the
Pragas online dating foundation stone is known because the palindromic number was carved into the Old Town bridge tower having been chosen by the royal astrologists and numerologists as the best time for starting the bridge construction.
He began construction of the Gothic Saint Vitus Cathedralwithin the largest of the Prague Castle courtyards, on the site of the Romanesque rotunda there.
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Prague was elevated to an archbishopric inthe year the cathedral was begun. The city had a mint and was a centre of trade for
Pragas online dating and Italian bankers and merchants. The social order, however, became more turbulent due to the rising power of the craftsmen 's guilds themselves often torn by internal fightsand Pragas online dating increasing number of poor people.
The work is reputed to have been ordered by Charles IV as a means of providing employment and food to the workers and their families. Charles IV died in During
Pragas online dating reign of his son, King Wenceslaus IV —a period of intense turmoil ensued. During Eastermembers of the Prague clergy announced that Jews had desecrated the host Eucharistic wafer and the clergy encouraged mobs to pillage, ransack and burn the Jewish quarter.
Nearly the entire Jewish population of Prague 3, people perished. Jan Husa theologian and rector at the Charles University, preached in Prague. Inhe began giving sermons in the Bethlehem Chapel. Inspired by John Wycliffethese sermons focused on what were seen as radical reforms of a corrupt Church. Having become too dangerous for the political and religious establishment, Hus was summoned to the Council of Constanceput on trial for heresyand burned at the stake in Constanz in Hus' death, coupled with Czech proto-nationalism and proto-Protestantismhad spurred the Hussite Wars.
During the Hussite Wars when the City of Prague was attacked by "Crusader" and mercenary forces, the
Pragas online dating militia fought bravely under the Prague Banner. This swallow-tailed banner is approximately 4 by 6 feet 1.
Near the swallow-tails is a crescent shaped golden sun with rays protruding. One of these banners was captured by Swedish troops in Battle of Praguewhen they captured the western bank of the Vltava river and were repulsed from the eastern bank, they placed it in the Royal Military Museum in Stockholm ; although this "Pragas online dating" still exists, it is in very poor condition.
They also took the Codex Gigas and the Codex Argenteus. The earliest evidence indicates that a gonfalon with a municipal charge painted on it was used for Old Town as early as Since this city militia flag was in use before and during the Hussite Wars, it is the oldest still preserved municipal flag of Bohemia.
In the following two centuries, Prague strengthened its role as a merchant city.
Many noteworthy Gothic buildings
Pragas online dating  were erected and Vladislav Hall of the Prague Castle was added. The fervent Catholicism of its members was to bring them into conflict in Bohemia, and then in Prague, where Protestant ideas were gaining popularity. He lived in the Prague Castle, where his court welcomed not only astrologers and magicians but also scientists, musicians, and artists.
Rudolf was an art lover too, and Prague became
Pragas online dating capital of European culture. This was a prosperous period for the city: Inthe famous second defenestration of Prague provoked the Thirty Years' Wara particularly harsh period for Prague and Bohemia. Site-uri de dating online -...
Following this in was an execution of 27 Czech Protestant leaders involved in the uprising in Old Town Square and the exiling of many others. Prague was forcibly converted back to Roman Catholicism followed by the rest of Czech lands. The city suffered subsequently during the war under
Pragas online dating attack by Electoral Saxony and during the Battle of Prague In the second half of the 17th century Prague's population began to grow again.
Jews had been in Prague since the end of the 10th century and, bythey accounted for about a quarter of Prague's population. Ina great fire devastated Prague, but this spurred a renovation and a rebuilding of the city. In —14, a major outbreak of plague hit Prague one last time, killing 12, to 13, people.
InFrederick the Great
Pragas online dating Prussia invaded Bohemia. He took Prague after a severe and prolonged siege in the course of which a large part Pragas online dating the town was destroyed. However a month later, Frederick the Great was defeated and forced to retreat from Bohemia. The economy of the city continued to improve during the 18th century.
The population increased to 80, inhabitants by Many rich merchants and nobles enhanced the city with a host of palaces, churches and gardens full of art and music
Pragas online dating a Baroque city renowned throughout the world to this day. The Jewish district, called Josefovwas included only in The Industrial Revolution had a strong effect in Prague, as factories could take advantage of the coal mines and ironworks of the nearby region.
The revolutions in Europe in also touched Prague, but they were fiercely suppressed. In the following years the Czech National Revival began its rise, until it gained the majority in the town council in At this time Prague was a true European capital with highly developed industry. Bythe population had risen toFor most of its history, Prague had been a multi-ethnic city  with important Czech, German and mostly native German-speaking Jewish populations.
Hitler ordered bloody reprisals. According to American pilots, it was the result of a navigational mistake. In March, a deliberate raid targeted military factories in Prague, killing about people. On 5 Maytwo days before Germany capitulated, an uprising against Germany occurred.
Several thousand Czechs were killed in four days of bloody street fighting, with many atrocities committed by both sides. Prague was
Pragas online dating city in the territory of military and political control of the Soviet Union see Iron Curtain. The 4th Czechoslovak Writers' Congress held in the city in June took a strong position against the regime. It was the Prague Springwhich aimed at the renovation of institutions in a democratic way.
The other Warsaw Pact member countries, except Romania and Albaniareacted with the invasion of Czechoslovakia and the capital on 21 August by tanks, suppressing any attempt at reform. Inafter the riot police beat back a peaceful student demonstration, the Velvet Revolution crowded the streets of Prague, and the Czechoslovak capital benefited greatly from the new mood.
Inafter the split of Czechoslovakia, Prague became the capital city of the new Czech Republic. From high-rise buildings began to be built in Prague in large quantities. In the late s, Prague again became an important cultural centre of Europe and was notably influenced by globalisation. InPrague suffered from widespread floods that damaged buildings and its underground transport system. Prague launched a bid for the Summer Olympics but failed to make the candidate city
Pragas online dating. In June"Pragas online dating" the result of financial pressures from the global recession, Prague's officials also chose to cancel the city's planned bid for the Summer Olympics.
She is said to have ordered the city "to be built where a man hews a threshold of
Pragas online dating house". The English spelling of the city's name is borrowed from French. Prague is also called the "City of a Hundred Spires "based on a count by 19th century mathematician Bernard Bolzano Pragas online dating count is estimated by Prague Information Service at Prague is approximately at the same latitude as FrankfurtGermany;  ParisFrance;  and VancouverCanada.
The winters are relatively cold with average temperatures at about freezing point, and with very little sunshine. There are also a
Pragas online dating periods of mild temperatures in winter. Nights can be quite cool even in summer, though. The driest season is usually winter
Pragas online dating late spring and summer can bring quite heavy rain, especially in form of thundershowers.
Temperature inversions are relatively common between mid-October and mid-March bringing foggy, cold days and sometimes moderate air pollution. Prague is the "Pragas online dating" of the Czech Republic and as such is the regular seat of its central authorities.
Since November 24,it is de facto again a statutory town, but has a specific status of the municipality and the region at the same time. Prague also houses the administrative institutions of the Central Bohemia Region. Untilall administrative districts of Prague were formed by the whole one or more cadastral unit, municipality or town.
Sincethere has been a fundamental change in the administrative division. Since then, the boundaries of many urban districts, administrative districts and city districts are independent of the boundaries of cadastral territories and some cadastral territories are thus divided into administrative and self-governing parts of the city.
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