There have been various ethnic groups in Baltimore, Maryland and its surrounding area since it was founded as a British colony in Native Americans lived in the Baltimore territory for millennia before European colonization, and some still reside in the city.
Since the first English settlers arrived, substantial immigration from all over Europemigration of African-Americans from the Deep Southout-migration of White Southerners from Appalachiaand new waves of more recent immigrants from Latin Americathe CaribbeanAsia and Africa have added layers of complexity to the workforce and culture of Baltimoreas well as the religious and ethnic Baltimore people of the city.
The Baltimore area Baltimore people been by Native Americans since at least the 10th millennium BCwhen Paleo-Indians first settled in the region. One Paleo-Indian site and Baltimore people Archaic period and Woodland period archaeological sites have been identified in Baltimore, including four from the Late Woodland period. Prior to the establishment of Baltimore as a city, the Piscataway tribe of Algonquians inhabited the Baltimore area.
InCaptain John Smith traveled miles from Jamestown to the upper Chesapeake Bayleading the first European expedition to the Patapsco Rivernamed after the native Algonquians who fished shellfish and hunted. InAlgonquian linguist Blair Rudes "helped to dispel one of the area's most widely held beliefs: The name might actually mean something like 'Great Water,' or it might have been just a village at the bay's mouth.
The English were initially frightened by the Piscataway because of their body paint and war regalia, even though they were a peaceful tribe. The chief of the Piscataway was quick to grant the English permission to settle within Piscataway territory and Baltimore people relations were thereafter established between the English and the Piscataway.
Beginning in the s, English settlers from the Colony of Virginia began to trade with the Algonquians, in Baltimore people the Piscataway Baltimore people. Since the northern part of the Chesapeake Bay area had more trees, there were also more beavers. The colonists from Virginia traded English cloth and metal tools in exchange for beaver pelts. This trade was supported by Lord Baltimorewho felt that more revenue could be gained from taxation of the fur trade than from tobacco farming.
Lord Baltimore also wanted to maintain friendly relations with the native Algonquians in order to create a buffer from the Susquehannockan Iroquoian -speaking tribe to the north that was hostile to the English presence. In exchange for cooperation with the English colonists, tribes on the Eastern Shore of the United States were given grants from English proprietors that protected their lands.
The tribes paid for the grants by exchanging beaver belts. A number of English fur traders helped pay the rents for Native Americans in order to prevent tobacco farmers from driving the Native Americans off of their lands. Nonetheless, Baltimore people tobacco farmers gradually acquired more and more land from Native Americans, which hindered Native Americans from moving around freely in search of food. While the English had established treaties with the Native Americans that protected their rights to "hunting, fowling, crabbing, and fishing", in practice the English did not respect the treaties and the Native Americans were eventually moved to reservations.
Inthe Province of Maryland declared war on several Native American groups, "Baltimore people" the Susquehannocks. The Susquehannocks were armed with guns they had received from Swedish colonists in the settlement of New Sweden. The Swedes were friendly with the Susquehannock and wanted to maintain a trading relationship, in addition to wanting to prevent English from expanding their presence further into Delaware.