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Sexuality definition wikipedia

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Human sexuality is the way people experience and express themselves sexually. Social aspects deal with the effects of Sexuality definition wikipedia society on one's sexuality, while spirituality concerns an individual's spiritual connection with others.

Sexuality also affects and is affected by cultural, political, legal, philosophical, moralethicaland religious aspects of life. Interest in sexual activity typically increases when an individual reaches puberty.

Some argue that sexuality is determined by geneticswhile others believe it is molded by the environment, or that both of these factors interact to form Sexuality definition wikipedia individual's sexual orientation.

Sexual orientation is an enduring...

In the former, one assumes that the features of a person innately correspond to their natural inheritance, exemplified by drives and instincts; the latter refers to the assumption that the features of a person continue to change throughout their development and nurturing, exemplified by ego ideals and formative identifications.

Evolutionary perspectives on human coupling, reproduction and reproduction strategiesand social learning theory provide further views of sexuality. Examples of these include Jewish views on sexual pleasure within marriage and some views of other religions on avoidance of sexual pleasures. Certain characteristics may be innate in humans; these Sexuality definition wikipedia may be modified by the physical and social environment in which people interact.

The sexual drive affects the development of personal identity and social activities. Freud believed Sexuality definition wikipedia drives are instinctive. He was a firm supporter of Sexuality definition wikipedia nature argument; he said there are a large number of instincts but they are reduced into two broad groups: Eros the life instinctwhich comprises the self-preserving and erotic instincts, and Thanatos the death instinctwhich comprises instincts invoking aggression, self-destruction, and cruelty.

His instinct theory said humans are driven from birth by the desire to acquire and enhance bodily pleasures, thus supporting the nature debate.

Freud redefined the term sexuality to make it cover any form of pleasure that can be derived from the human body.

Bisexuality is romantic attraction, sexual...

His developmentalist Sexuality definition wikipedia was governed by inner forces, especially biological drives and maturation, and his view that humans are biologically inclined to seek sexual gratification demonstrates the nature side of the debate. Later, behaviorists would apply this notion in support of the idea that the environment is where one develops one's sexual drives. Psychological theories exist regarding the development and "Sexuality definition wikipedia" of Sexuality definition wikipedia differences in human sexuality.

A number of them, including neo-analytic theories, sociobiological theories, social learning theorysocial role theoryand script theoryagree in predicting that men should be more approving of casual sex sex happening outside a stable, committed relationship such as marriage and should also be more promiscuous have a higher number of sexual partners than women.

These theories are mostly consistent with observed differences in males' and females' attitudes toward casual sex before marriage in the United States; other aspects of human sexuality, such as sexual satisfaction, incidence of oral sexand attitudes toward homosexuality and masturbationshow little to no observed difference between males and females. Observed gender differences regarding the number of sexual partners are modest, with males tending to have slightly more than females.

They also deal with the influence of biological factors on other aspects of sexuality, such as organic and neurological responses, [17] heredity, hormonal issues, gender issues, and sexual dysfunction. Males and females are anatomically similar; this extends to some degree to the development of the reproductive system.

As adults, they have different reproductive mechanisms that enable them to perform sexual acts and to reproduce. Men and women react to sexual stimuli in a similar fashion with minor differences. Women have a monthly reproductive cycle, whereas the male sperm production cycle is more continuous.

The hypothalamus is the most important part of the brain for sexual functioning. This is Sexuality definition wikipedia small area at the base of the brain consisting of several groups of nerve cell bodies that receives input from the limbic system.

Studies have shown that within lab animals, destruction of certain areas of the hypothalamus causes the elimination of sexual behavior. The pituitary gland secretes hormones that are produced in the hypothalamus and itself.

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