It is on the Xiang River 30 miles 50 km south of Dongting Lake and has excellent water communications to southern and southwestern Hunan. The area has long been inhabited, and Neolithic sites have been discovered Changsha hunan china the district since During the 1st millennium bce the area was the centre of the southern part of the Yangtze River Chang Jiang valley state of Chu.
In —36 some Chu graves excavated nearby produced important evidence of Chu culture. Under the Qin dynasty — bce it became a staging post Qin expeditions into Guangdong province. From Han times bce — ce it Changsha hunan china named Linxiang county and was the seat of the Changsha commandery.
The county was renamed Changsha inwhen it became the administrative seat of Tan prefecture. It lost some importance at that time, however, because traffic from Guangdong was mostly diverted up the Gan River valley in Jiangxi. After the fall of the Tang dynasty —it became the capital of the independent Chu state — that subsequently fell to other regional powers until being incorporated into the Song dynasty — Between andas Changsha became an important commercial city, the population of the area increased tenfold.
During the Taiping Rebellion the city was besieged by the rebels but never fell; it then became the principal base for the suppression of the rebellion. Changsha was opened to foreign trade in It also became the seat of some Western schools, including a missionary medical college.
Further development followed the opening of the railway to Hankou in Hubei province inwhich was extended to Guangzhou Canton in Guangdong province in During the Sino-Japanese War —45 Changsha was the site of three major battles. The city itself was virtually destroyed by fire in —39, and it was captured by the Japanese in Changsha was rebuilt afterand its population nearly tripled between the late s and the early s and essentially doubled again in the succeeding two decades.
The city is now a major port, handling rice, cottontimber, and livestockand is also a collection and distribution point on the railway from Hankou to Guangzhou.
It is a centre of rice milling and has oil-extraction, tea- and tobacco-curing, and meat-processing plants. Its textile industry produces cotton yarn fabrics and engages in dyeing and printing. Agricultural chemicals and fertilizers, farm implementsand pumping machinery are Changsha hunan china produced. Changsha has a large thermal generating station linked by a power grid with the nearby industrial centres of Zhuzhou and Xiangtan; the three cities were designated in the s as the nucleus of a major industrial complex.
In the s there was some development of heavy industry. The city also has cement, Changsha hunan china, ceramic, and papermaking plants and is known for many types of traditional handicrafts, producing xiang embroidery, leather goods, umbrellas, and buttons. Coal is mined in the vicinity. Changsha was the seat of many ancient schools and academies. It is the site of Hunan Medical University and has several colleges and institutes of higher learning. The Hunan Provincial Museum houses artifacts from the many ancient tombs in the vicinity, the well-known Changsha Mawangdui Tomb of the Hsi Western Han period bce —25 cediscovered in the s.
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Xiang Riverriver in Hunan province, southeastern China.
With a total length of miles kmthe is one of the principal tributaries of the Yangtze River Chang Jiang. The Xiang rises in the mountains in the northern part…. Dongting Lakelarge lake in northern Hunan province, south-central China.
It lies in a basin to the south of the Yangtze River Chang Jiang and is connected to the Yangtze by four channels.
Yangtze Riverlongest river in both China and Asia and third longest river in the world, with a length of 3, miles 6, kilometres. Its basin, extending for some 2, miles 3, km from west to east and for more than…. Early years Hunan province In Hunan: Help us Changsha hunan china this article! Contact our editors with your feedback. Introduction History The contemporary city.
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