LGBT themes in mythology occur in mythologies and religious narratives that include stories of romantic affection or sexuality between figures of the same sex or that feature divine actions that result in changes in gender. These myths are forms of LGBT lesbiangaybisexualtransgender expression, and modern conceptions of sexuality and gender have been applied to them. Many mythologies ascribe homosexuality and gender fluidity in humans to the action of gods or of other supernatural interventions.
The application of gender studies and queer theory to non-Western mythic tradition is less developed, but has grown since the end of the twentieth century. The status of mythology varies by culture. Myths are generally believed to be literally true within the society that created them and deemed erroneous or fictitious elsewhere. Cultures may regard myths as containing psychological or archetypal truths. Myths have been used to explain and validate the social institutions of a particular culture, Seduction theory homosexuality in japan as well as to educate the members of that culture.
This societal role has been posited for stories that included same-sex love, which educate people as to the correct attitude to adopt toward same-sex sexual activity and gender constructions.
Since the beginning of recorded history Seduction theory homosexuality in japan in a multitude of cultures, myths, folklore and sacred texts have incorporated themes of same-sex eroticism and gender identity.
Individual myths have been denoted "queer" for rejecting an heteronormative and binary view of gender. These have been criticised for ignoring cultural context or mis-applying modern or Western preconceptions,  for example in assuming that celibacy means only avoiding penetration or reproductive sex hence allowing homoerotic sexwhile ignoring the widespread beliefs in the spiritual potency of semen that mandate an avoidance of all sex. The presence of LGBT themes in Western mythologies has long been recognised, and the subject of intense study.
The application of gender studies and queer theory to non-Western mythic tradition is less developed, but has been growing since the end of the twentieth century.
Many mythologies ascribe homosexuality and gender variance in humans to the action of gods or other supernatural interventions. This include myths in which gods teach people about same-sex sexual practices by example, as in Aztec or Hawaiian mythology  or myths that explain the cause for transgenderism or homosexuality, such as the story in which Prometheus accidentally creates some people with the wrong genitalia while drunk, or instances of reincarnation or possession by a spirit of the opposite gender in Voodoo.
It is common in polytheistic mythologies to find characters that can change gender, or have aspects of both male and female genders at the same time. Sexual activity with both genders is also common within such pantheons, and is compared to modern bisexuality or pansexuality. Greek mythology features male same-sex love in many of the constituent myths. These myths have been described as being crucially influential on Western LGBT literature, with the original myths being Seduction theory homosexuality in japan re-published and re-written, and the relationships and characters serving as icons.
The love goddess Aphrodite and gods in her retinue, such as the Erotes: Seduction theory homosexuality in japanHimeros and Pothos are sometimes considered patrons of homosexual love between males. In Ovid 's Metamorphosis Iphis has a sex change. He was originally known as Caenis, daughter of Atrax. The sagas in the Old Norse language include no stories of gay or lesbian relationships, nor direct reference to LGBT characters, but they do contain several instances of revenge enacted by men accused of being a passive partner in intercourse, which was considered "unmanly" behavior and thus a threat to a man's reputation as a leader or warrior.
In Seduction theory homosexuality in japan of this, it has been suggested that Freyra Norse god of fertility, may have been worshiped by a group of homosexual or effeminate priests, as suggested by Saxo Grammaticus in his Gesta Danorum.
In addition, some of the Norse gods were capable of changing sex at will, for example Lokithe trickster godfrequently disguised himself as a woman. Comparison of a man to a child-bearing woman was a common insult in Scandinavia, and some myths say that Loki is bisexual.
Odin was known to use magic only available to women and once seduced the goddess Rind in the guise of a leech woman.
In Celtic mythologyno direct representation of gay or lesbian relationships exist. Seduction theory homosexuality in japan and Gilfaethwy sneak Seduction theory homosexuality in japan to Math's court where Gilfaethwy rapes Goewin. When Math hears of this, he turns his nephews into a series of mated pairs of animals; Gwydion becomes a stag for a year, then a sow and finally a wolf.
Gilfaethwy becomes a hind deer, a boar and a she-wolf. Each year they must mate and produce an offspring which is sent to Math: HyddwnHychddwn and Bleiddwn ; after three years Math releases his nephews from their punishment.
Chinese mythology has been described as "rich in stories about homosexuality". These myths are greatly influenced by religious beliefsparticularly Taoist and Confucianand later incorporated Buddhist teachings.
The pre-Confucian and pre-Taoist tradition of China was predominately shamanistic. Male same-sex love was believed to have originated in the mythical south, thus homosexuality is sometimes still called "Southern wind".
From this period, numerous spirits or deities were associated with homosexuality, bisexuality and transgenderism. Homosexual encounters are common in Chinese folk stories. The animal spirits or fairies often choose same-sex partners, usually young men or boys. Chinese dragons "consistently enjoy[s] sexual relationships with older men", one example being in the tale of "Old Farmer and a Dragon", in which a sixty-year-old farmer is forcibly sodomised by a passing dragon, resulting in wounds Seduction theory homosexuality in japan penetration and bites that require medical attention.
Despite the later literature of some Taoist schools disapproval of homosexuality,   Tu Er Shen is a deity in Chinese folklore who manages the love and sex between homosexual men. His name literally means " rabbit deity". One day Hu Tianbao was caught peeping on the inspector, at which point he confessed his reluctant affections for the other man.
The imperial inspector had Hu Tianbao sentenced to death by beating.